District:- East Jaintia Hills
Pamra Kmai Village falls under Khliehriat C&RD Block of East Jaintia Hills District in the state of Meghalaya. The village is at a distance of 14Kms from Khliehriat, the district headquarter of East Jaintia Hills District and is at a distance of 89 Kms from the state capital, Shillong. It falls under Elaka Rymbai with a total geographical area of 520.02 ha and a total population of 1800 villagers.
Dated: 2nd March 2019
The District Project Management Unit (DPMU) of East Jaintia Hills District met with a few village leaders of Pamra Kmai Village, on the 2nd March 2019 for Ground Truthing.
- The Village has 276 HHs.
- There is no proper access to drinking water. Most of the springs in the village have dried up. During winter season, the villagers rely on springs that are located outside the village.
- The streams which flow through the village have turned acidic due to coal mine seepage, however, most of the people still depend on them during the dry period.
- There are several open forests in different parts of the village.
- Forest fire is common in parts near the community forest.
Dated:15th March 2019
The sensitization programme took place on the 15th March 2019 at the Community ground of Pamra Kmai village. The program was chaired by the village headman, Mr. Lukas Shylla. Around 76 community members attended the programme.
The Assistant District Project Manager gave a brief introduction about Community Led Landscape Management Project. He spoke on the issues and problems faced by the farmers and villages with regards to water scarcity and water quality in Meghalaya, in spite it being the state which receives the highest amount of rainfall in a year. He also expressed the concern of how other natural resources such as air, soil, etc. have been affected at a very large scale. Therefore, he requested and encouraged the local community to work towards sustaining the environment for the survival of future generations. Further, he explained the different components of the Project which will help the community in understanding and managing the different landscapes in the village.
The Assistant District Project Manager also highlighted the approach and steps to be followed by the village when they accept the project. The first step was signing of the Citizen’s Green Charter followed by the formation of Village Natural Resource Management Committee (VNRMC) which was constituted by the Village Dorbar. After which the EOI and VGA was signed during the PRA and CNRMP preparation.
The Program was followed by an interactive session to answer the doubts and questions of the villagers.
After the programme, the village headman and secretary along with two witnesses signed the EOI, VGA and Citizens Green Charter. They planned to arrange a meeting between the village leaders and the community before electing the executive members of the Village Natural Resource Management Committee (VNRMC).
The Formation of the Village Natural Resource Management Committee was done in a public meeting in the presence of the entire village after the sensitization program was conducted. The community itself chose the President, the Secretary and the other executive members of the Committee.
The opening of the bank account was initiated after the village signed the EOI (Expression of Interest), the VGA (Village Grant Agreement) and the Green Charter.
The Accountant of CLLMP East Jaintia Hills District trained the Purchasing and Procurement Committee of Khliehriat C&RD Block including members from Umsatai Village on matters relating to Accounts and Book Keeping on the 13th July 2019 in DRDA Conference Hall, Khliehriat EJHD.
The PRA/CNRMP exercise aims to incorporate the knowledge and opinions of the community in the planning and management of development projects and programmes.
PRA exercise at Pamra Kmai Village took place on the 23rd March 2019. There were a total number of 75 participants who attended the program.
The Assistant District Project Manager gave a brief introduction and spoke about the different activities that the participants had to take part during the programme. The Program Associate Environment Management spoke in brief about the CNRM plan and the different types of interventions. A group of participants interacted and helped the officials in collecting the data based on the environmental template. With the help of this group, the official was able to identify different sites of intervention. The Asst. Manager Social Management gathered the remaining group of participants for collecting the baseline data based on the social template.
The Assistant District Project Manager gave the introduction and spoke about the different activities required to be taken part by the participants during the programme. The Deputy Project Director, SPMU encouraged the village community to cooperate with the DPMU team which can help bring positive changes for the entire village. The Program Associate Environment Management, spoke in brief about the CNRM plan and the different types of interventions. A group of participants interacted and helped in collecting data based on the environmental template. With the help of this group, the officials were able to identify the different sites of intervention. The Asst. Manager Social Management, gathered the remaining group of participants for collecting baseline data based on the social template.
Findings based on the information gathered from the participants during the PRA/CNRMP exercise
- Paddy is the main agricultural produce.
- All the 276 HHs highly depend on firewood as a source of fuel.
- Drinking water is limited over a period of 3 to 4 months during the winter season.
- There are two types of forest ownership that is Community & Private.
- There is only one community forest.
- The springs which are present in the village needs rejuvenation.
- No disputes/constrains encountered within the village community or with any neighbouring villages.
Priority Interventions required based on the PRA Exercise:
- Rejuvenation of four springs which falls under community land through activities like afforestation and contour trenches.
- Afforestation, bio-fencing and fire line control in the community forest.
- Training on Land productivity, Springshed management and Solid waste management is necessary for the village community.
- Treatment of streams which flow through the village using the open lime channel.
|Proposed intervention||Name of site||Land Ownership||No of HH expected to benefit||Priority|
|Springshed Development||Iengkar, Umbam||Community||276||High|
Training on Springshed Rejuvenation and Inventorisation
The training was conducted in Umsatai village on 4th December 2019 for the members of the VNRMC and VCF’s which fall under Khliehriat C&RD Block, EJHD. The Manager Water Resources SPMU along with the DPMU team facilitated the training. The training aims to enhance the participants on management and treatment of springs.
|1.||Type of intervention||Name of Site||GPS Coordinates||
|Spring Chamber||Iengkha||25.421311° N||92.327186° E||
Name of Village
Fund Released to VNRMC
Total no. of Work Orders Issued
Total amount Issued under CLLMP (Per Activity)
Total Amount Spent
Community Nursery with Bio-fencing